文化365博客

Lumel Studios.

文化日

2021年8月23日

Leah Dorion.

文化日

2021年8月23日

...there is a strong desire for retroactively introducing more public spaces, fighting against the car-centric culture and creating more accessible spaces that can foster public life.\n\nThe City of Portland was not supportive at first. The Bureau of Buildings wanted to tear down the teahouse structure and rejected planning applications to turn the street intersection into a city square. However, the invigorated neighbours took matters into their own hands. Together with their children, they turned the intersection into a colourful plaza, setting up a library in a phone booth, a message board, a kid\u2019s playhouse, a corner for produce-sharing and a kiosk with a Thermos flask always full of tea.\n\n![Google Street View of the Share-It-Square intersection. Photo courtesy of the author.](assets\/National\/blog\/reimagining-public-spaces\/streetview-2-1_BFGSFz.png)\n\nEventually, the City of Portland was convinced and granted conditional permit for these activities. \u201cThe neighbourhood had a design problem, not a human resources problem\u201d explains Charles Montgomery, a Canadian urban planner, in his 2015 book [Happy City](https:\/\/thehappycity.com\/the-book\/). The new plaza quickly resulted in a much-improved community spirit, new friendships, and torn down fences between yards. Annual events and a tradition of sharing tools and food has led to the square\u2019s name, the Share-It-Square. \n\nThis Square has been transforming Sellwood since the late 1990s. Every year, a new painting adorns the intersection. Neighbours maintain the many structures around the square and, most importantly, foster the new-found spirit of a functioning village. Inspired by the idea of a sharing economy, Mark and his team started the non-profit [City Repair](https:\/\/cityrepair.org\/share-it-square) that provides resources and support to similar projects. More than 100 new public spaces have since been created in Portland alone, and much more than 1,000 imitations all across the United States have been inspired by the Share-It-Square as well. Annually, City Repair\u2019s flagship event, the [Village Building Convergence](https:\/\/villagebuildingconvergence.com\/), takes place in order to inspire placemaking and community engagement all over the world. \n\n**What makes the Share-It-Square a Great Place?**\n\nShare-It-Square can look back at more than two decades of success\u2014but, what makes this a great public space? The [Project for Public Spaces](https:\/\/www.pps.org\/) (PPS), a non-profit from New York City, is an authoritative voice in judging the quality of public spaces. The organisation has established the following criteria for a good or great public space:\n\n![What Makes a Great Place? diagram courtesy of PPS.](assets\/National\/blog\/reimagining-public-spaces\/place-diagram-pps-1_aCVwfs.png)\n\nThe Share-It-Square is located in the heart of Sellwood, but not too far from a main street. This makes it accessible and well-linked, providing a \u201cfocus for community identity and gathering\u201d, as evaluated by the PPS. Comfort and image are evidenced in the long life of the square, the loving maintenance from neighbours and the always-available tea. A survey by City Repair showed that over 85% of neighbours felt a decrease in crime, a slowing of traffic, and an improvement in communication between neighbours. The Square also meets criteria such as diverse uses, activities throughout the year including neighbourhood celebrations, and increased sociability.\n\nBased on this success, the City of Portland adapted a new ordinance allowing for street intersections to be transformed into similar public spaces if 80% of neighbours within two blocks sign statements approving the plan. This has led to many similar projects in the city, such as the popular Sunnyside Piazza. \n\n**How to Reimagine Public Space in Canadian Cities**\n\nCOVID-19 has focused urban planners\u2019 attention on the importance of public spaces and community cohesion. Reimagining public spaces is an important part of this discourse. Places such as the Share-It-Square can increase residents\u2019 happiness and health. They provide important open-air meeting spaces that can prevent social isolation and make mutual support easier to organise. \n\nCanadian cities have recognised the importance of reimagining public spaces, also looking towards the 15-minute-city trend. In Montr\u00e9al, organisations such as [Active Neighbourhoods](https:\/\/participatoryplanning.ca\/active-neighbourhoods-canada) and the [Montr\u00e9al Urban Ecology Centre](https:\/\/urbanecologycenter.org\/) work to get citizens involved in the planning and nurturing of public spaces. In Toronto, there are initiatives for Indigenous placemaking that focus on designing and managing public space through a people-centred lens. And, in Vancouver, an event called \u201cReimagining City Streets and the Public Realm: Towards a Green and Connected City\u201d took place in March 2021, organised by the City and Simon Fraser University. Participants criticised that too much of city place (30% in the case of Vancouver) is dedicated to streets. Only 11% of Vancouver\u2019s city area is dedicated to parks. These examples show that throughout Canada, there is a strong desire for retroactively introducing more public spaces, fighting against the car-centric culture and creating more accessible spaces that can foster public life. \n\nSo, if we want to reimagine public spaces, we should learn from our neighbours and our traditions. And Mark Lakeman, together with his organisation, is a particularly good neighbour, sharing resources and inspiring everyone to imagine new public spaces even in unexpected corners. His message to Canadian readers? Find your creative capacity and fight loneliness in cities by turning spaces into places. \n\n**Sources**\n\n\u201cHappy City\u201d, Charles Montgomery 2015, pp. 354 \nInterview with Mark Lakeman from May 19th, 2021 \n[https:\/\/www.restreets.org\/case-studies\/share-it-square-sunnyside-piazza](https:\/\/www.restreets.org\/case-studies\/share-it-square-sunnyside-piazza) \n[https:\/\/medium.com\/@lauravonputtkamer\/reimagining-public-spaces-adapting-to-a-new-reality-9491959e9b7](https:\/\/medium.com\/@lauravonputtkamer\/reimagining-public-spaces-adapting-to-a-new-reality-9491959e9b7) [https:\/\/www.youtube.com\/watch?v=mQosMm_foYM&ab_channel=ThePolishAmbassador](https:\/\/www.youtube.com\/watch?v=mQosMm_foYM&ab_channel=ThePolishAmbassador) \n[https:\/\/cityrepair.org\/share-it-square](https:\/\/cityrepair.org\/share-it-square) \n[https:\/\/www.pps.org\/places\/share-it-square](https:\/\/www.pps.org\/places\/share-it-square) \n[https:\/\/www.toposmagazine.com\/portlands-share-square\/](https:\/\/www.toposmagazine.com\/portlands-share-square\/)\n\n\n\n\n**This article is part of a [special blog series](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/re-imagine-series) featuring writers and creatives from across Canada (and beyond!) with stories that both highlight and celebrate Culture Days\u2019 2021 theme, RE:IMAGINE. Explore more stories below.**\n- [The Road Less Travelled: Three artists reimagine success and career](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/the-road-less-travelled) by Linh S. Nguy\u1ec5n\n- [Arts in Motion](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/arts-in-motion) by Aaron Rothermund\n- [Refresh: How a Year on Instagram Redefined Artistic Communities](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/refresh-artistic-communities-on-instagram) by Eva Morrison\n- [RE:PURPOSE](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/repurpose) by Mike Green\n- [Recalibrating: A Look at Opera InReach](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/recalibrating-opera-inreach) by Anya Wassenberg\n- [Reimagine\u2014How the Disability Community Accesses the Arts](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/reimagine-how-disability-community-accesses-arts) by Rachel Marks\n- [Reimagining Community and the Workplace of Theatre](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/reimagining-theatre) by Nat\u00e9rcia Napole\u00e3o\n- [Helm Studios flips the for-profit music model to empower artists](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/reimagine-helm-studios) by Aly Laube\n- [Curating _INUA_, Canada\u2019s newest Inuit art exhibit](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/curating-inua) by Carolyn B. Heller\n- [When Less is More: What Theatre Can Learn From a Year in Slow Motion](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/when-less-is-more) by Megan Hunt\n- [RE:ORCHESTRATING Our Future: Advancing Sustainable Development Through The Arts](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/reorchestrating-our-future) by Ryan Elliot Drew\n- [RE:DEFINING Normal: A Prescription for a Canadian Cultural Landscape in Recovery](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/redefining-normal) by Valerie Sing Turner","content_fr":null,"should_publish_at":null,"published_at":"2021-07-13 09:26:57","first_published_at":"2021-06-17 13:41:49","deleted_at":null,"created_at":"2021-06-17 13:28:09","updated_at":"2021-08-24 16:13:01","thumbnail_file_id":null,"featured_at":null,"is_featured":false,"is_published":true,"should_publish":false,"status":"published"}" style="scroll-snap-align: start;">

恢复公共空间:俄勒冈州波特兰的分享IT-正方形

Laura Puttkamer为文化日

7月13日,2021年

进入过程(第2部分,共5部分):Bambi

Tamar Tabori.

2020年9月21日

_They know this River will still be here long after we have turned to nuclear dust and blown away, saith the river..._\n>> -_Beholden: A poem as long as the river_, Rita Wong and Fred Wah\n\nRolling from one valley to another, streaming across coarse contours, sometimes surrendering to the whims of winds and pouring rain, other times cutting through the rock-ribbed plains; rivers have always made the most enchanted neighbourhoods. A river\u2019s ample bosom has cradled pioneering civilizations and nurtured childhood memories. Its panoramic views have kindled weary eyes and inspired grandiose dreams, and through centuries its gentle ripples have concocted timeless fables of love and romance. By the virtue of their romantic allure, rivers have always been a recurring theme in poetry and literature.\n\nWhile artists have always, liberally and quite blatantly, borrowed from nature; they have also been moved, time and again, to devote their craft to salvage the very landscapes that enriched their imagination. [_River Relations: A Beholder\u2019s Share of the Columbia River_](http:\/\/www.riverrelations.ca\/), an artistic investigation by a group of creatives from Emily Carr University of Art and Design (ECUAD), is one such venture that delves into the destruction inflicted upon by the \u2018damming and development\u2019 of the Columbia River, in the wake of the renegotiation of the Columbia River Treaty.\n\nRising in the clear waters of the Columbia Lake in B.C. and surging through glaciated Canadian Rocky Mountains, the Columbia River flows through the Kootenay River\u2014the river\u2019s largest tributary on the Canadian divide of the border. It enters the U.S. at the confluence of Pend d\u2019Orielle River in the Washington state, before conclusively disappearing into the Pacific Ocean near Astoria, Oregon. Columbia River is a water wonderland, flowing with ferocious abundance, making it the largest river in North America\u2019s Pacific Northwest region, and a sanctuary for the largest salmon runs in the world.\n\n![The Columbia River. Photo Courtesy of Fred Wah.](assets\/National\/blog\/listen-to-the-river\/columbia-river-fred-wah-1_avhEyr.jpeg){.overflow}\n\nModern civilization has turned rivers into economic powerhouses, plugging them with gargantuan concrete structures to harness hydroelectric power and divert water for irrigation. The Columbia River was subjected to a similar fate, transforming its free-flowing bliss into a curse. A violent flooding spell in 1948 that wrecked the Fraser Valley in B.C, Canada, and the town of Vanport in Oregon, U.S. became the impetus for securing a cooperative development between the two countries. The talks sought to regulate water flows and to capitalize on the river\u2019s enormous hydroelectric capacity, finally culminating into a formal [_Columbia River Treaty (CRT)_](https:\/\/www.canada.ca\/en\/environment-climate-change\/corporate\/international-affairs\/partnerships-countries-regions\/north-america\/canada-united-states-columbia-river.html) in 1964. Canada committed to build three water storage reservoirs in exchange for an upfront payment of $64 million in recompense for extending sixty years of flood control to U.S., in addition to receiving one-half of the estimated hydro-power generation benefits to the U.S, on continual basis. Today, CRT is upheld as a successful example of two countries \u2018sharing the benefits\u2019 through a collaborative transboundary arrangement. Yet, the ramifications the treaty had on the Indigenous peoples and the river\u2019s salmon reserve have become a despicable addendum to the treaty.\n\nThe _River Relations_\u2019 team scrutinized historical and contemporary images of the Columbia River to understand the evolution of its landscape, outrageously interrupted by dams. The most notable output of the project is the image-text poem, published in the form of a book, entitled [_\u2018Beholden: A poem as long as the river\u2019_](https:\/\/talonbooks.com\/books\/beholden), composed by [Fred Wah](https:\/\/fredwah.ca\/), a former Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate and [Rita Wong](https:\/\/www.poetryinvoice.com\/poems\/poets\/rita-wong), a poet and an environmental activist.\n\n![Revelstoke Dam, B.C. Artwork by Nick Conbere and Photography by John Holmgren.](assets\/National\/blog\/listen-to-the-river\/revelstokedamreservoir-1_bi2Kz3.jpeg){.overflow}\n\nWah and Wong travelled the entire river stretch, from Canal Flats in the East Kootenay all the way to Fort Astoria, Oregon as a part of their research for the book. \u2018Having lived along the Kootenay River for much of my life I had always felt that the river should be called the Kootenay; that the Columbia was really just a tributary of the Kootenay\u2019, says Wah.\n\nWah believes that the treaty insolently disregarded the \u2018spiritual value\u2019 attributed to the river\u2019s salmon by the First Nations. To them, salmon is the \u2018harbinger of good news\u2019, revered as a gift from the salmon king. They believed that the salmon were actually humans, and at the start of each salmon season, they would transform into fish form on the king\u2019s command. They also celebrated the \u2018First Salmon Ceremony\u2019 to mark the beginning of each salmon season. Even today, certain tribes celebrate \u2018Salmon ceremonies\u2019 with a communal prayer for the salmon to return and inhabit the river again.\n\nThe loss of salmon has chronicled a poignant chapter in the river\u2019s history. Wong was swamped with emotions when she watched Upstream Battle (a documentary by Ben Kempas) \u2018One moment that always stays with me from that film is footage of salmon trying to swim upstream to return to their spawning grounds - and hitting a dam, and trying over and over to get beyond that obstacle - it\u2019s a heart wrenching glimpse into the painful destruction wrought by megadams.\u2019\n\nBeholden is a reflection on the devastation brought on by the damming of the river and focuses on themes of colonization, indigenous rights and mutilation of the river\u2019s ecology. \u2018Most of the language in the poem comes from a struggle between simply describing the river, (..) and finding ways to \u201clisten\u201d to the river\u2019. It was Wah who proposed to write \u2018a poem as long as the river\u2019, in collaboration with Wong. \u2018With him writing along one side, and me along the other, the words came from our experiences along the river\u2019, Wong reminisces about the poem\u2019s origins. \u2018Each of us would write along a shore of the river, from beginning to end, occasionally having our texts cross the river at bridges or dams. Rita\u2019s and my texts were not in conversation as they were written, but, finally, feel tethered to a similar poetic impulse and imagination\u2019 explains Wah.\n\n![Book cover, _Beholden: A poem as long as the river_, illustrations by Nick Conbere and cover image by Genevieve Robertson.](assets\/National\/blog\/listen-to-the-river\/beholden-book-cover-1_bB7z2B.jpeg){.pull .right}\n\nJust like Wah, Wong also let the river \u2018speak to\u2019 her and guide her writing process. \u2018Near the headwaters of the river, I made an offering and asked the river for permission to share the words arising from my journeys along it. I listened and keep listening.\u2019\n\nNick Conbere, a visual artist and an Associate Professor at ECUAD, [skillfully transcribed Beholden on a 114 feet long map of the Columbia River](http:\/\/www.nickconbere.com\/river-relations.html), with Wah and Wong\u2019s share of poems meandering along the river, as if two tributaries spiraling the entire stretch of the river. The poem\u2019s two halves are distinctly recognizable, as Wah\u2019s half has been typeset whereas Wong\u2019s is handwritten, a decision she consciously made. \u2018I felt it was important to stay with the bodily experience of writing by hand and following the river\u2019s contours. It felt closer to the experiential aspect of being along the river (\u2026)\u2019 While the book was shortlisted for the B.C Book Prize, the poem\u2019s winding digital image has been showcased at numerous art exhibitions.\n\n![Rita Wong and Fred Wah, _Beholden: a poem as long as the river_. The Gallery Installation. Photo by Touchstones Nelson Museum.](assets\/National\/blog\/listen-to-the-river\/gallery-installation-1_H8ib2Z.jpeg){.overflow}\n\nAs the two countries renegotiate the Treaty, uncertainty abounds. Would the revision of the Treaty offer a second chance at reviving all that is lost? Only time can tell. Wong reminds us \u2018There are ways to use the land that help to regenerate or heal it \u2026 (the way) Indigenous peoples coexisted with what was here - taking care of it rather than exhausting it\u2019.\n\nToday, many artists romanticize nature as well as assume an advocate\u2019s mantle. Wong believes one way the artists can solicit support for environmental issues is by dwelling on \u2018how to heal our relations with the land and water\u2019, and by imploring the society \u2018to actually care about this\u2019.\n\nThe project has drawn to a close, and the artists have moved on to explore further avenues of nature advocacy. For as long as there is heartache for all that has been lost, I\u2019ll quote Wah;\n\n> _Let\u2019s reach for solace of water to find some deep pool of larger memory that will float us past Savage Island_.\n\n\n\n\n**This article is part of a special blog series featuring writers and creatives from across Canada with stories that both highlight and celebrate Culture Days\u2019 2020 theme of _Unexpected Intersections_. Explore more intersections below:**\n\n- Theatre x Sport: [_Until the Lights Go Out_ by Taylor Basso](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/until-the-lights-go-out)\n- Indigenous Storytelling x Digital Media: [_\u201cPeople are Finally Listening\u201d\u2013Indigenous Animation Rises Up_ by Chris Robinson](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/indigenous-animation-rises-up)\n- Academia x Creativity: [_Building 21: Make zines, not research papers_ by Greta Rainbow](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/building-21)\n- Teahouse x Activism: [_Chinatown\u2019s Living Room: The gathering place for a budding activist community_ by Anto Chan]( \/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/tea-base)\n- Traditional Craftsmanship x Youth Outreach: [_At the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, They Build More Than Boats_ by Aleen Leigh Stanton](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/building-boats-changing-lives)\n- Visual Arts x Science: [_What happens when you mix an artist, a scientist and a very bright light?_ by Vivian Orr](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/artist-scientist-light)\n- Book Clubs x Digital Landscapes: [_Strangers and Fiction_ by Anne Logan](\/\/www.statestpizza.com\/en\/blog\/strangers-and-fiction)","content_fr":null,"should_publish_at":null,"published_at":"2020-07-08 13:21:08","first_published_at":"2020-06-04 16:58:40","deleted_at":null,"created_at":"2020-06-04 16:19:23","updated_at":"2020-09-29 15:25:40","thumbnail_file_id":null,"featured_at":null,"is_featured":false,"is_published":true,"should_publish":false,"status":"published"}" style="scroll-snap-align: start;">

听河:哥伦比亚河的颂歌

SABA DAR供文化日

7月8日,2020年7月8日

符合我们的组织者:Piikani Nation的Quinton

文化日

2月7日,2020年2月7日

\"Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.\u201d\n>>-Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities\n\n![Gay Village, pedestrian only street, Montreal. Photo by Lisa Yang](assets\/National\/blog\/why-public-spaces-matter\/dsc-01881.jpg)\n\nDuring my undergrad, one course that really struck me was, \u201cUrban Transformations, Affective Cartography\u201d. We studied how urban landscapes are more than just spatial. We looked at how public space, specifically, urban space, affect our physical, psychological, and emotional well-being. I started to become aware of how we behave in everyday scenarios when we are alone versus when we are brought together in situations like public installations, street art, festivals, markets etc. In this blog series, I will look at what can be considered good public space, showcase innovative uses of public space, and hopefully increase awareness of the public spaces in Canada. But first\u2026\n\n# Why does public space matter? \nThere are specific criteria for determining public space. Generally speaking, a public space is a place that is accessible to the public at any time of day, such as parks, beaches, squares, roads, sidewalks, etc. These spaces all serve different functions, and can easily just be seen in spatial terms. Yet with the effort of communities, they can be turned into lively, creative spaces that bring people together. While there are plenty of reasons why public space is important, here are the top five.\n\n**1) It benefits our health** \nEspecially in cities or so-called \u2018concrete jungles\u2019, public spaces such as parks create a relaxing and inviting atmosphere where people can come and decompress from their stressful daily routines at home and work either by relaxing or being physically active. Parks can also mitigate air, climate and water pollution that is all around us. Some of the most well-known urban public parks are Central Park in New York City, Stanley Park in Vancouver, and Mount Royal in Montreal.\n\n**2) It helps build a sense of community, civic identity and culture** \nPublic space alone does not build community. Citizens who initiate and participate in community building activities and events create community through placemaking, or what the Project for Public Spaces calls \u201can effective process that capitalizes on a local community\u2019s assets, inspiration, and potential to improve the quality of people\u2019s health, happiness, and well-being.\" That said, a successful public space can inspire and attract citizens to come together and interact in that space. Compare a park that\u2019s spacious, has plenty of seating space and greenery to attract citizens, versus a dirty, garbage ridden environment that has not been invested in or used wisely. While community can really be created anywhere, there needs to be space that is open and accessible so that community projects can take place. \n\n**3) Has the ability to drive economic growth** \nTake for example Place des Arts Esplanade in Montreal; every year, hundreds of thousands of people come from all over the world to visit the many festivals that take place at the esplanade. Markets, are another reminder that open and shared space drives more traffic and is mutually beneficial for business owners and the local economy through sales, taxes, and increased jobs. In 2002, PPS (Project for Public Spaces) surveyed 800 customers from a variety of indoor and open-air markets around the country. PPS discovered that 60% of market shoppers also visited nearby stores on the same day; of those, 60% said that they visited those additional stores only on days that they visit the market.\n\n**4) Can transform wasted space** \nIn the TED talk, \u201cHow public spaces make cities work?\u201d, Amanda Burden, the former director of the New York City Department of City Planning, provided an example of a degraded waterfront in the neighborhoods of Greenpoint and Williamsburg in Brooklyn. The waterfront was abandoned and nearly impossible to access. Consequently there was little to no traffic or economic activity. It was basically a waste of space in a beautiful city. A group of architects took on the project and transformed the waterfront into a public space filled with green parks and tree-lined paths. Today the space thrives, and even has an excellent transportation system that runs through it. The lesson drawn from this example is that when you create an inviting space, people will come.\n\n**5) Public spaces, if utilized and designed well can give a city character and enhance architectural diversity** \nEspecially in urban environments, where skyscrapers reign and concrete is the main building material of choice, a dash of colour, a community attraction or public art installation can make a huge difference in the city. Consider Bryant Park in New York City, an urban park in the middle of Manhattan. It is a convenient space for employees and tourists alike to take a break and hang out among planted flowers and tree-lined paths. Art installations are another example of how public space can liven up the city. For example, the annual Luminoth\u00e9rapie exhibition of interactive art at Places Des Arts in Montreal, From Here Until Now, in Winnipeg, or Yue Minjun's A-Maze-Ing Laughter in Morton Park, Vancouver. These installations not only complement the city\u2019s landscape but they encourage people to interact with the art pieces and become a subject of conversation.","content_fr":"","should_publish_at":null,"published_at":"2015-09-10 19:45:00","first_published_at":null,"deleted_at":null,"created_at":"2019-06-25 10:30:31","updated_at":"2019-10-04 18:02:58","thumbnail_file_id":null,"featured_at":null,"is_featured":false,"is_published":true,"should_publish":false,"status":"published"}" style="scroll-snap-align: start;">

公共空间很重要的原因

丽莎杨

2015年9月10日